Pug Limited Health Guide
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This health guide is provided as educational information only and
is not intended
to replace advice and or treatment from your veterinarian.
Please discuss any health problems or concerns about your Pug
with your own veterinarian.
General Pug Health Information
In considering your ownership of one of the most wonderful dogs
breeds in the world - the pug you must consider their health issues.
While Pugs tend to be a healthy, and a hearty breed that can easily live
into the mid and upper teens, there are some health problems you should
be aware of and some health problems that can be prevented to help your
Pug live the longest, healthiest life possible. This guide will
introduce you to some of the common health problems that Pugs can
develop. Do not use the guide for home diagnosis or treatment. We advise
you to get regular veterinary care for your Pug. Let's get started with
some general health considerations, and then we will break down some
specific health problems by type, such as eye problems, skin problems,
As said before, Pugs tend to be a healthy breed. Most likely the
number one problem seen by veterinarians is overweight or obese pugs.
Pugs will eat till they burst and seem to
always be hungry, even if they are fed several times a day. A recent
study by Purina showed that lean dogs live an average of two years
longer than overweight dogs and the lean dogs have far fewer health
problems. We suggest that you feed your Pug a premium puppy dog food
until they are 1 year-old after that continue with premium adult dog
food. Just feed your Pug the proper amount. You can base the correct
amount on what your dog looks like, not what the dog food bag suggest or
how much the bowl holds. Look at your pug, you should just be able to
feel your Pug's ribs and be able to see its waist.
Generally the upkeep of your Pug should include paying special
attention to your Pug's ears and cleaning them regularly with an ear
wash. It is time to see your vet if you notice any redness, heavy
discharge, odor, or headshaking by your pug. You also need to clean you
roll and surrounding wrinkles every once in a while, a Pug can develop
an infection in these areas. You will need to see a vet if this happens.
A Pug's nails should be kept short by clipping them regularly.
Pugs have a lot of teeth in a small mouth. It is hard to see all of
their teeth, but you
should try to brush them if you can occasionally. Your vet may be able to suggest
products to help you
keep your Pug's teeth healthy. Nyla-bones can help your Pug keep the
tartar buildup on their teeth from getting out-of-hand. Pugs like the
bones as a toy and chew on them constantly.
Pugs have a hard time breathing because of their short pushed-in
face. This is especially a
problem when the Pug is exposed to high temperatures and humidity. Your
Pug must be kept cool and exercised with caution in the summer. Pugs can
naturally develop Brachocephalic syndrome, which can involve having
pinched nostrils and an elongated soft palate. Your vet will need to
examine your Pug regularly to see if its nostrils are too tight to let
air flow freely to its lungs. If the syndrome develops surgery can
correct this problem. A Pug may snore excessively or gasp to breathe,
this could be a sign that the Pug's soft palate, which is located at the back of its
mouth, is too long and most likely is in the way. Surgery to help
this problem is available. Overheating is the biggest weather-related
problem with Pugs, but Pugs should not be exposed for very cold
temperatures for long periods of time either. Pugs were bred to be
Pugs provide wonderful companionship! Pugs are very attentive and
trainable. Pugs compete in every category in which they are eligible for
at dog shows, including obedience, agility and tracking. There are
wonderful training videos and books available and training classes are
offered all over the country. Pugs thrive on positive motivational
training. Check around for an experienced trainer. You may find one at
your nearest major pet store.
Many people get a female Pug with breeding in mind. Or purchase a
male Pug to attempt their hand at a stud service. Both of these
decisions require much thought, research, time and money. Any time a Pug
is used for breeding, extensive health testing should be done first to
ensure no health problems be passed on. If you do breed the female
she will require human intervention at the time of the birth of her
puppies, because she is not able with her short nose to remove the
birthing sack that covers her pups. Without help they will suffocate. If
you do not help the mother her or all of the pups could die during this
time. Caesarian sections, by your vet, is needed to deliver a Pug's
puppies quite often. Unwanted Pugs are surrendered every day to the
Humane Societies and other shelters and if you let your Pugs reproduce,
you are responsible to care for the puppies the rest of their lives if no one buys
them. You must also be willing to take any Pug puppies back that are no
longer wanted by those who bought them from you. Pugs will live
healthier, longer lives if they are spayed or neutered. Neutering a male
Pug is almost a "must" because he will constantly mark his territory
until you do, and you do not want your home to smell like urine now do
you? We hope this limited guide has been helpful to you!